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Top 7 Types of Cyber Attacks

23 Nov 2022

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What are Cyber Attacks?

Modern life is much more comfortable thanks to a variety of digital devices and the internet that enables them. Every good item has a negative counterpart, and the modern digital world is no different. Although the internet has improved our lives today, it has also presented a significant challenge to data security. Attacks online result from this. In this article, we'll talk about the different kinds of cyberattacks and how to avoid them.
Any potential harmful assault that aims to gain unauthorized access to data, interfere with digital activities or contaminate information is referred to as a cyber security threat. Cyber threats may come from a variety of sources, including corporate espionage, hacktivists, terrorist organizations adversarial nation-states, criminal organizations lone hackers, and disgruntled workers.

Cyber security experts are crucial for maintaining the security of private data since cyber attackers might utilize sensitive data to steal information or access the financial accounts of an individual or a company, among other potentially detrimental acts. Your mobile, laptop, PC, or even the smart gadgets that you use…are the direct entry point for cyber-attacks. Because Attackers who have criminal intent aim to profit financially through data theft, money theft, or company interruption. They can easily steal money, and data, or even interfere with a business system. However, cyberattacks mainly aim for revenge, they try to draw attention to their issue and then they publicize their attacks.

There can be Several Criminal organizations, state actors, and even some private people who can do several cyberattacks against enterprises.  Also, these threats can be done by an Outsider or an Insider Individual 
But do you know why these cybercriminals target your business or you personally? They might desire your company's financial information, client lists, and all financial databases that hold their personal information like email addresses, login credentials, and various crucial papers like Aadhar and Pan cards, among other things. They primarily target IT infrastructure, IT systems, computer networks, and personal computers. However we know that the internet has brought so many positive changes in our lives today, but with that, there is also an enormous challenge in protecting your data. This gives rise to cyberattacks. 

Types of Cyber Attacks

Cyber attacks come in a wide variety, and knowing the different forms of cyberattacks makes it simpler for us to defend our systems and networks against them. Here, we'll take a careful look at the top ten cyber-attacks that, depending on their size, can either harm an individual or a major corporation.
Starting with the various categories of cyberattacks on our list:

1. Malware Attack 

One of the most typical kinds of cyberattacks is this one. Malicious software viruses such as worms, spyware, ransomware, adware, and trojan horses are referred to as "malware."
The trojan infection poses itself as trustworthy software. Spyware is software that secretly steals all of your private information, whereas Ransomware locks down access to the network's essential parts. Adware is software that shows banner ads and other commercial information on a user's screen.
Malware enters a network by exploiting a weakness. When a user visits a risky link, downloads an email attachment, or uses a pen drive that has been infected.
Now let's examine how to stop a malware attack:

  • Put antivirus software to use. It can safeguard your machine against infection. Some of the well-known antivirus programs include McAfee Antivirus, Norton Antivirus, and Avast Antivirus.
  • Employ firewalls. The traffic that might enter your device is filtered by firewalls. The default built-in firewalls for Windows and Mac OS X are referred to as Windows Firewall and Mac Firewall, respectively.
  • Avoid Clicking on unwanted links.
  • Maintain regular OS and browser updates.

2. Phishing Attack

It is one of the most dangerous types of cyberattacks is. It is a form of social engineering attack in which the attacker poses as a reliable contact and sends the victim fake emails.
The following things can be taken to avoid phishing attacks:
Unaware of this, the victim opens the email and clicks on the attachment or on the malicious link. By doing this attackerget access to private data and login passwords A phishing attack also allows for the installation of malware.

  • Examine the emails you get carefully. The majority of phishing emails contain serious issues like spelling faults and format differences from those from reliable sources.
  • Use a toolbar that detects phishing attempts.
  • Regularly change your passwords.

3. Password Attack 

It is a type of attack where a hacker uses software and password-cracking tools to decrypt your passwords. Password attacks can take many different forms, including dictionary attacks, brute force attacks, and keylogger attacks.Here are a few strategies for protecting against password attacks:

  • Make your passwords strong alphanumeric with special characters.
  • Avoid using the same password across several accounts or websites.
  • Update your passwords to reduce the risk of a password attack.
  • Keep any password suggestions hidden from view.

4. Man in the Middle Attack Or Eavesdropping Attacks

In a Man-in-the-middle attack (MITM)or Eavesdropping attack, the attacker hijacks the session between a client and host by interfering with a two-party communication and then steal and alter their personal data or information.
By doing some actions listed below, MITM attacks can be avoided:

  • Always pay attention to the website's security while you use it.
  • Avoid utilizing open WiFi networks.

5. SQL Injection Attack

When a hacker modifies a typical SQL query on a database-driven website, it results in a Structured Query Language (SQL) injection attack. It is spread by inserting malicious code into a search box on a vulnerable website, forcing the server to reveal important information.
This gives the attacker access to read, edit, and remove databases' tables. Through this, attackers may also obtain administrative rights.
You can easily Defend against a SQL injection attack by following some ways:

  • Utilize an intrusion detection system, as they are made to identify unwanted network access.
  • Validate the information that the user has provided. By using a validation procedure, it controls user input.

6. Denial-of-Service Attack 

A Denial-of-Service Attack poses a serious risk to businesses. Attackers target systems, servers, or networks in this case and bombard them with traffic to limit their bandwidth and resources.
When this occurs, the servers get overburdened with server incoming requests, which causes the website it hosts to either go down or slow down. The valid service requests go unattended as a result.
When attackers employ numerous systems to initiate this attack, it is sometimes referred to as a DDoS (Distributed Denial-of-Service) attack.
There are some ways by which you can prevent a Dos Attack:

  • Analyze the traffic to find malicious traffic.
  • Recognize the warning signs, such as network lag and website shutdowns. In such situations, the organization needs to act right away.
  • Make sure your team and data centre are prepared to manage a DDoS attack by creating an incident response strategy, keeping a checklist, and more.
  • Contract with cloud-based service providers to prevent DDoS.

7. Insider Threat

It is an internal danger threat, as the name implies, it involves an insider rather than a third party. In such a case; it could be an individual from within the organization who knows everything about the organization. The potential damage from insider threats is very dangerous.
Small organizations are particularly vulnerable to insider threats because their employees frequently have access to sensitive data. There are several causes for this kind of attack, including greed,and negligence. Insider threats are tricky because they are difficult to predict.
Insider Threats can be prevented too:

  • A strong security awareness culture should exist within organizations.
  • Depending on their employment functions, companies must restrict staff access to IT resources.
  • Employers must train their staff to recognize insider risks. Employees will be better able to recognize whether a hacker has tampered with or is attempting to misuse the organization's data as a result.

Some Tips to Prevent Cyber Attacks

We already had a look at several ways to minimize the risk of different types of cyberattacks, now let’s look into some tips by which we can easily avoid these types of cyber attacks:

  • Use strong alphanumeric passwords that are hard to decipher and change your passwords frequently. Avoid using overly complicated passwords that you might forget. Never use the same password more than once.
  • Regularly update your operating system and programs. This is the main part against any cyberattack. This will eliminate the weaknesses that hackers frequently use. Utilize reputable and legal antivirus software.
  • Use a firewall and other network security technologies, such as access control, intrusion prevention systems, application security, etc.
  • Never open emails from senders you don't know. Examine the emails you receive for flaws and serious mistakes.
  • Consider using a VPN. This guarantees that all traffic between your device and the VPN server is encrypted.
  • Make regular backups of your data. Many security experts agree that it is best to have three copies of your data stored on two different media types, with a fourth duplicate stored off-site (cloud storage). As a result, you can delete all the data on your system during a cyber attack and then restore it using a recent backup.
  • Principles of cybersecurity should be understood by employees. They must be aware of the different types of cyberattacks and how to defend against them.
  • Make use of multi- or two-factor authentication. Users must supply two distinct authentication factors in order to use two-factor authentication. We refer to it as multi-factor authentication when you are required to provide more than two extra authentication methods in addition to your username and password. This turns out to be a crucial step in protecting your account.
  • Secure your Wi-Fi networks, and stay away from unprotected public WiFi.
  • Protect your mobile device because they are a common target for different types of cyberattacks. Only download programs from reliable, legitimate sources, and make sure your device is up to date.


In this Blog, we have covered the top seven types of cyber attacks, and how you can prevent them with some tips. As cyber crimes are increasing day by day you should always be aware of them and know ways to prevent them so that you can protect your network. 


1. What is the most common cyber attack?

Phishing is one of the most prevalent types of cyber attacks because it can be carried out easily and effectively.
In a phishing attempt, the attacker tries to trick the victim into disclosing sensitive data, including passwords, credit card numbers, intellectual property, and so on. Phishing attempts frequently take the form of emails from what appears to be a trustworthy company, like your bank, the tax department, or another well-known institution.

2. How to prevent cyber attacks?

Every company and organization must take steps to prevent cyberattacks:

  • You should always need to train your staff
  • Always keep your system and software updated.
  • Endpoint Protection should be ensured.
  • Always Install a Firewall and never disable it.
  • Backup Your data.
  • Look who is accessing your systems.
  • Keep your Wifi Security tight.
  • Keep an eye on Passwords and Access Management.

3. What are the common types of cyber security attacks?

There are several types of cyber attacks from which some common and dangerous attacks are given below:

  • Malware Attack 
  • Phishing Attack
  • Password Attack 
  • Man in the Middle Attack Or Eavesdropping Attacks
  • SQL Injection Attack
  • Denial-of-Service Attack 
  • Insider Threat

About the Author

 fingertips Fingertips

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